Scientists would love to hear the opinions of European experts, who can learn more about its origin. Picture: Siberian Times
This medieval sword was found buried under a tree in the Novosibirsk region, and scientists are eager to unlock its secrets. The weapon was accidentally unearthed in 1975 and is still the only weapon of its kind found in Siberia.
Now there is an exciting new theory that it may belong to Tsar Ivan the Terrible and came from the Royal Armory as a gift when conquering Siberia. This hypothesis combines the notorious Russian ruler and the respected battle hero, and can turn it into one of the most interesting archaeological finds in Siberian history, although there are still many uncertainties.
Siberian experts can be sure that this exquisitely carved weapon was originally made in Central Europe, most likely to be made in the Rhine Valley in Germany before heading to the Swedish mainland or Gotland, and is decorated with ornate silver handles and Northern Europe. Trick mode.
Scientists would love to hear the opinions of European experts, who can learn more about its origin.
This blade was made in the Rhine Basin in Germany at the end of the 12th century or the beginning of the 13th century. Picture: Siberian Times
The archaeologist Vyacheslav Molodin led an excavation in the district of Vengerovo and discovered the weapon. He said: “There are abbreviated’runes’ on both sides of the blade. Inscription.” “The calligraphy style proves that it was made by a person with advanced knowledge of inscription writing techniques.”
Leading experts at the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia decoded the Latin text on a one-meter-long blade.
The main inscriptions are as follows: N[omine] M[atris] N[ostri] S[alva]t[ORis] Et[eRni] D[omini] S[alvatoRis] E[teRni], there is a blade on the same side that says C [hRis]t[us] Ih[esus] C[hRis]t[us]. This means:’In the name of our eternal Mother of Saviour, the Lord and Savior. Christ Jesus Christ.
The inscription on the back is more difficult to read, but the first word “NOMENE”-clearly visible-helps to reconstruct the remaining words as “N[omine] O[mnipotentis]“. M[ateR]. E[teRni] N[omin]e’ means “in the name of the Almighty”. Mother of God. In the name of eternity.
There has been widespread debate about how the sword fell to Russia, assuming that it was either carried along trade routes or was the spoils of skirmishes in the region. In one of the hypotheses, Academician Morodin believes that the blade-currently stored in the collection of the Novosibirsk Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology-may have been taken from the armory of Ivan the Terrible and used by the legendary warrior Yi Brought to Siberia by Ivan Koltso. Conquer the area.
It was during the reign of Ivan in the late 16th century that Russia began its large-scale exploration and colonization of Siberia. Cossack leader Yermark Timofeyevich was hired to fight against the Tatar army led by Khan Kutum and Murzakarachi and to lead the empire’s eastward expansion. This sword may be a gift from the Kremlin.
The sword was found under a tree in the Balabar forest steppe, less than three kilometers away from where it is believed that Yermark’s closest ally, Corso, was killed in battle. In February 1583, the church bells in Moscow rang, announcing that he and Yermak had occupied Kashrek, the capital of the Siberian Khanate, and he was declared a hero. But his newly discovered celebrity status did not last long. 18 months later, he was killed along with 40 men in an ambush.
Molodin gave a health warning to his new theory, but he said: “Imagine the last battle of the Cossack detachment led by Ivan Koltso. The attack was unexpected. Imagine someone being killed immediately with a sinister knife on the back. Others grabbed a sword to fight the advancing Tatars.
‘They are unequal forces. The Cossacks are trying to break through the enemy’s crowd, but the ranks of fighters are rapidly melting. Ivan did not hit any opponents. In his hand, he held the gleaming giant sword, a gift from the Russian tsar.
‘In desperation, some survivors of Ivan and Cossacks literally chopped off the horses they were waiting for.
“Ivan’s legs are already on the stirrups. He is running on the grassland. His horse takes him away from the bloody fight. They chased him behind him, arrows flying. Then, suddenly, the sword fell from the hero’s hand and landed on Under a young birch tree.
He told the journal Science First: “I must point out that none of the scientists mentioned it, perhaps because they didn’t take it seriously. The only person who really likes the theory is (famous) academician (Alexei) Okladnikov. He He even mentioned this in his last work.
“Hypnosis looks so brave, even fantasy, that it is now impossible for me to mention it in scientific writings. But on the other hand, it does look beautiful, and life is often more exciting than any fantasy. It’s unbelievable.
“Even now, when I write this article, I believe we should not rule out that this sword may have reached Baraba with Yermak’s squadron. Although his Cossack had sabers and firearms, they still used swords. . So it is very likely that they used them during that trip.”
Vyacheslav Molodin: “Life is often more incredible than any fantasy.” Picture: Siberian Times
In the summer of 1975, the young archaeologist Morodin and a group of students from Omsk and Novosibirsk worked on the banks of the Ome River. Their goal was to study settlements and cemeteries from the Bronze Age, with an emphasis on group burials.
At another location, another group of students excavated near a big birch tree, but under Morodin’s instructions, stay away from it, making sure that no one was buried there. However, the head of the excavation team, Alexander Lipatov, did not follow the briefing and tripped on a rusty sickle that they believed was 5 cm under the turf. As they dig further, it became clear that it was a big sword.
Mr. Morodin told the “Siberian Times”: “This sword was not deliberately hidden or’buried’. It lies 3-5 cm deep in the soil near the birth tree on an old road. Next. I remember the moment we found it, as if it was yesterday.
“We shouldn’t work where this sword was found. One of my young colleague Alexander Lipatov decided to “extend” the excavation site to a big birch tree. I remember I was angry when I saw it-along The area of the birch roots is obviously difficult to dig, and my estimate is that the tomb does not extend as far as the tree, so there is no need to clear that space anyway.
“I expressed my reservations to Alexander and he accepted them, but said he was worried about making a mistake in defining the site boundary and decided to go further’just in case’.
“It is very well preserved, but I am afraid to lift it from the ground.” Picture: Siberian Times
As they said, when I was suddenly asked to’check some iron blocks’ on the piece of land near the birch trees, it was almost time for lunch. “It’s probably a sickle,” I thought to myself as I walked to where they found it.
‘In retrospect, I understand how pure luck it was. Everyone on our expedition is eager to get it and hold it in their hands. It is an incredible weapon. ”
Mr. Morodin told “Science First Hand” magazine: “We carefully and slowly cleared the soil and found an iron bar, which was wider at one end and narrower at the other end. It took us an hour to completely clean the soil. To a huge sword, about one meter long, with the iron hilt of a typical medieval knight sword, with a clear beam guard and triple hilt.
“It is very well preserved, but I am afraid to lift it from the ground. I am afraid it will break into pieces in my hands.
“Finally, I put my thin-blade knife under the sword and lifted it up… You know, I have seen such a sword in museums and scientific books, but this is the first time I hold it in my hand. It’s as if it just came from some Some fairy tales of knights.
“I twisted it slowly and noticed the silver gleam on the shield and blade. It is so well preserved that you can use it in battle almost immediately. Other people also looked at the discovery.
“Finally, like water rushing through the dam, realizing the shock of what we just discovered broke out, we started talking at the same time. I can’t describe the feeling of surprise and excitement.
“How did it get here, in the center of Western Siberia, this medieval sword that looks very European? How is it kept so well? Where did it come from?’
“Everyone on our expedition is eager to get it and hold it in their hands. This is an incredible weapon.” Picture: Siberian Times
A sword like this is not common in Russia or Asia. It is more similar to the sword widely used by European knights. After extensive research on ancient weapons, Vyacheslav Molodin wrote a report on his discoveries and concluded that the report came from Europe and dates back to the end of the 12th or 13th century early.
Since 1976, people have been asking how the sword arrived in Russia from Sweden, and the first theory is that it was carried during a trade mission.
According to Arab historians, in the middle of the 12th century, there was an ancient northern road that crossed Russia to the Ob River, called “Zyryanskaya Road” or “Russky tes”. Over the centuries, archaeologists have come from the West to the Urals and the lower Ob River and discovered a large number of treasure troves of coins, silverware and medieval jewelry.
The disadvantage of this theory is that the grassland where the sword was found is separated from the middle and lower parts of the Ob River by hundreds of kilometers of rugged forests and swamps. Others believe that this weapon can easily spread eastward due to bartering, or as a spoil of war between steppe Turks and the Siberian taiga nomads Urjik.
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Post time: Oct-04-2021